Pet Ocular Conditions That Require Immediate Veterinary Attention

Identical to humankind, a wide variety of microorganisms can similarly invade and infect the oculars of animals, impairing their capability to catch sight of their surroundings. In fact, almost all human eye conditions can also develop in these species. These complications can advance into a more extreme case when constantly ignored. Prevent this from happening by garnering the specifics concerning the different optical diseases your in-home pet can potentially acquire.

Common Ocular Diseases Among Pets

Anterior Uveitis

The name of this difficulty advocates itself. It refers to the inflammation inside the eye, contaminating the encompassing structures of the oculars. It mainly affects the anterior uvea, where the iris and ciliary body are situated.

This disorder can trigger cloudiness, redness, and squinting, consequently diminishing the eyesight of pets. When left untreated, this can advance into a disease called glaucoma. It is a disease asking for the expertise of a skilled veterinary ophthalmologist.

Basement Membrane Disease

Previously acknowledged as the Boxer Eye, this condition is common among middle-aged and senior pets. When a companion animal has suddenly demonstrated signs of chronic pain and discomfort around the eye, this is the perfect time to schedule them here for a visual examination.

The medical practitioner can establish an accurate prognosis with a comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation through a specialized veterinary apparatus. Suppose the procedure concludes, disclosing that the cornea’s epithelium is not correctly connected and corneal ulcers are formed. In this case, it is verification that your pet secured basement membrane disease.


Comparable to humans, the animal eye is naturally designed with a white sclera serving as the base of the cornea and iris that varies amongst species. Assume the sclerotic layer unexpectedly overlaps the colored portion, making the ocular surface translucent. In this situation, your pet could possibly be diagnosed with cataracts.

When this comes about, there will be escalated levels of cloudiness due to opacities around the lens. Consequently, this can block the light perception of pets, gradually decreasing their visual capabilities, wherein cat and dog surgery is the only solution to address this condition. Unfortunately, this can advance aggressively, resulting in complete blindness when left unattended.

Ectopic Cilia

Ectopic refers to any form of growth that materializes in an abnormal position. Meanwhile, cilium is the Latin idiom for hair. So, when these words are integrated, clinically speaking, the eyelashes are stretching in an atypical direction. The cilia usually emerge from the underside of the upper or lower eyelid, directly pointing toward the eye.

It would be hard for infected animals to blink as the stiffened hairs can rub against the oculars. This can induce intense discomfort, eventually leading to corneal ulcers. Once you notice your pet is continuously rubbing their eyes accompanied by consistent tearing, immediately bring them to the closest veterinarian for an in-depth checkup.


Glaucoma is considered one of the most threatening eye problems among pets. In fact, it is recognized by the veterinary field as an ophthalmic emergency situation. This complication is notable for its potential to intensify the pressure within the oculars, causing irreversible impairment around the optic nerve.

When the fluid located inside the posterior chamber of the eye raises yet cannot be adequately emptied out, pressure builds up around it. Consequently, causing escalated pain and discomfort coinciding with a throbbing headache. If your pet abruptly presents these manifestations, immediately head to a veterinarian to gain more information regarding their actual condition.