The horse is, without a doubt, one of the most important animals of the human evolutionary process. The nature of veterinary medicine, which was primarily created to treat horses’ ailments, is proof of its significance. We have a lot of knowledge about horse diseases, but you’ll require a veterinary professional to get them treated.
The owners of horses must be aware of frequent health issues for horses to ensure their horses’ well-being. Failure to have a basic knowledge of equine ailments and their causes can lead to the death of your horse.
This is not good for the animal. It also makes it harder for you to spend time together with horses. Many illnesses affect horses; however, vaccinations and suitable treatment can be avoided.
Horses are immune system strong; however, they could get sick like any other animal. These are the most commonly reported horse ailments that all horse owners should know, but this isn’t an exhaustive list. You should also be aware of many other disorders and illnesses.
1. Equine Colic
Colic is not a condition exclusive to horses; however, it is among these animals’ most widespread and potentially fatal. But, it’s wrong to describe colic as a separate condition. Instead, it refers to various conditions that can all cause spasmodic abdominal discomfort in horses.
The most important thing to do when your horse suffers from colic is to bring them to a vet. They will conduct tests for diagnosing the root cause and commence the proper treatment. If a blockage triggers the condition and an excessive fermentation of the substance consumed, antibiotics may be necessary. Click here to know more.
2. Horse Tetanus
The bacteria are anaerobic, which means that they can live without oxygen. It is present in the soil, specifically organic soil (such as manure). Different types of trauma can cause minor abrasions or cuts to horses.
If detected before the toxins affect the respiratory muscles, it can be treated with antitoxin tetanus serum and penicillin. Supportive counseling will be offered in addition.
It is possible to prevent it by receiving the appropriate vaccinations recommended by the vet at regular intervals. The physician will be required to apply hydrogen peroxide to kill the germs that caused the injury. This is particularly true for the body parts that come in contact with the ground. Contact an equine veterinarian to get more details.
3. Equine Influenza (Or Horse Flu)
The virus responsible for equine influenza is similar to human influenza which targets the respiratory system of the upper part. If problems develop, the lower respiratory system might be affected, leading to the death of a person. Snorting and nasal secretions can be utilized to spread the virus through the air.
The veterinarian can prescribe a mucolytic for thinning mucus if the horse is not fully immunized and displays a good presentation. The horse needs to be kept out of contact with any other animal for a few days. A balanced diet that boosts horses’ immune systems will help them fight the virus until they can fight it off.
A vaccination every year is necessary to safeguard horses from this frequent illness, and it is especially essential during the winter months. A vaccine for horses that defends against both equine tetanus and influenza is available.
4. Equine Babesiosis or Piroplasmosis
The most frequent ailments in horses are present in cows, dogs, and other domestic animals. Ticks are one of the most encountered types of equine parasites that are a common cause of Babesia. The symptoms of the disease are caused by their proliferative activity inside the horse’s red blood cells.
The best way to stay clear of this illness is to keep the horse free of tick bites. Permethrin products are applied to the horse once each week to keep ticks from being attracted to them. Weekly cleaning of the horse’s living quarters (box or the stable) is also mandatory. Visit a veterinary website to learn more.