Useful Information About Pet Dental Diseases?

Useful Information About Pet Dental Diseases?

Dental diseases can affect canines and felines even at a very young age, yet it’s more common when they reach middle age. More than 85% of dogs and cats have developed dental issues after six years old.

The three major categories for oral diseases consist of gingivitis, tartar, and pyorrhoea. Gingivitis is the least of problems, and pyorrhoea is the most severe. Treatments can range from prescription antibiotics to complete dental scaling. Discover more about these issues to advocate dental care for your pets.

Three Categories of Pet Dental Disease


Gingivitis causes swelling of the gums around the teeth; it’s prevalent, every pet has it to some degree in their life. Thus, pets must get routine examinations from a Wilton animal hospital, which can easily detect signs of gingivitis.

Like in humans, plaque build-up on the tooth is brought on by the interaction of food and saliva with bacteria from the mouth, setting off the release of enzymes that break down the gum tissue, resulting in swelling.

Gingivitis can be easily avoided with proper oral hygiene. Nonetheless, if left untreated, it leads to periodontitis or inflammation of the hard tissues around the tooth area.


The plaque accumulation combined with gingivitis, if left untreated, may combine with minerals in the mouth that harden like cement; this is called tartar. At some point, tartar will cause decay, gum problems, and other dental issues.

It would help to brush your pet’s teeth daily or thrice a week to address this problem. A diet modification that promotes dental health is also advised. If you think that you can not solve your pet’s troubles, a veterinary dentistry specialist should examine and treat your pet’s dental worries.


Pyorrhea is the third or final stage of gum disease; it’s an advanced phase that can bring about tooth loss if untreated. Pus begins to develop at the bottom of affected teeth and gums. Pyorrhea also causes halitosis, discomfort, and loss of appetite in your pet. The bacteria can enter the bloodstream and may affect other organs.

Types of Procedures

Full Anesthetic

This is given when your pet requires moderate to severe treatments; this includes extractions, scaling, masses, or abscesses. Depending upon the doctor’s evaluation, treatments might contain other diagnostic radiographs, bloodwork, general anesthesia, and nerve blocks. Visit to learn more about diagnostic procedures.

Pets that need less intensive cleaning, no extractions, and sensitivity to anesthetics might be given intravenous sedatives or “twilight sedation.”

Non-anesthetic Dentistry (NAD)

This can be done if your vet establishes that your pet has the temperament to allow the technician to perform the treatment without anesthesia. Studies show that it is equal to or even better than other treatments. It’s also more affordable compared with medications.

Dental Care for Pets without Teeth

Chelonians, like turtles and tortoises, have a keratinized horny beak. They need to have a well-balanced diet with abrasive chewing materials to keep their beaks at the proper length. Diet lacking in calcium and vitamin D might cause overgrown beaks that require trimming by a vet.

Birds, similar to chelonians, have no teeth. Instead, they have a beak for eating, playing, preening, and climbing. Lack of a well-balanced diet and chewing items causes overgrowth. Provide birds with crunchy vegetables, nuts, cuttlebones, and wooden toys to help beak wear and prevent overgrowth.


With regular care, you can prevent serious oral health issues in your pets, resulting in serious illnesses affecting the kidney, liver, and heart. Remember that the most severe dental problems started, most likely with gingivitis. This gum disease can be prevented or treated easily; however, it may become serious if left untreated.

It matters not if you’re caring for dogs, cats, or birds; they all need proper care in your home and regular appointments with their vet to ensure optimum health.